The history of the war in the 21st century is one of strength and military technology. Since the First World War, governments all over the world have been looking to increase their military might so as to enhance its power in global politics. Such great is the desire for power that at times the people who rule or represent us go out of their way even sometimes using dubious means to achieve their goals. The United Stated particularly has been the center of this discussion. The country has over the years amassed more military weapons than any other.
The military race was started in the cold war when both sides; capitalists and communists were looking to win the ‘war’. Each team mainly played by Russia and USA as the leading participants, increased their military capability so as to keep abreast with the other. However such military technology is costly and the wars that the USA and the allies were involved in, from the 1950s through to the late 20th century proved somewhat expensive for the government.
The need for more military involvement in places like the Iraqi led to the development of what many people now term as private military and security companies popularly called PMCs. The US government has on many occasions relied on such organizations to carry out surgical operations that the government at the time did not have the capability to conduct. Moreover, there are a number of companies that can readily supply military and marine parts.
Sir David Stirling with his company KAS International was the first to perform a mission with a PMC. He was first involved with the WWF in an on to save the elephants in Southern Africa which were under constant threat by poachers. The company was formed by former SAS men, David Stirling himself was former SAS. These men who found themselves jobless after the major wars of the 20th century found themselves unemployed and went on to form several PMCs in the 70s and 80s. Some examples include Defence Systems and Control Risk Group which provided military training and consultation.
At these times, however, the number of PMCs were still low, and they were not a method of choice for governments who were seeking to increase their military capability during the Cold War. After the Cold War many there was a mushrooming in the number of PMCs all over the world. Many governments having spent a significant portion of their wealth on the First, Second and Cold Wars now turned to these firms to carry out operations that might too costly for them to undertake. The demand was so significant, that there was a massive shift of soldiers from their government military jobs to PMCs. There was a record of more than 6 million soldiers who moved to PMCs in the 90s. The soldiers were drawn to the better pay that the PMCs provided over military work. Many PMCs offer twice or three times the salary of those working for the government. In addition to that, there was also insurance services that were provided by either the PMC or the government.
The result was that there were huge PMCs formed in the 90s and even in the early 2000s. Even today states still rely on such PMCs to carry out certain operations that they deem too risky or too costly for regular military. By 2006, for instance, there were an estimated 100,000 contractors working for the United States State Department of Defense in Iraq. The military and defense industry truly has transformed over the last century into ways that were never imagined, and it is likely that it will continue to evolve as technology and the world changes.